Carbon-Footprint
Topics

Carbon Footprint

A carbon footprint is defined as the potential impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted directly and indirectly by an individual, company, event or product. 

Carbon Footprint

195

Countries Covered

140

Sources in C2P

Topic Overview

A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases generated by people, organizations, events, products and services, and is an increasingly important topic for companies globally.

Carbon footprints take two forms:

  • Corporate Carbon Footprint (CCF) evaluates the entire product process of a company, together with upstream and downstream processes
  • Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) covers the entire lifecycle of a specific product or service, including supply chain, use and disposal

Carbon footprint legislation typically requires manufacturers to:

  • Affix a carbon footprint label on their products to denote the CO2 emissions created as a by-product of manufacturing, transposing or disposing of their products
  • Certify that materials incorporated into a product or specific products are low carbon  
  • Report on the amount of greenhouse gases produced in the manufacturing of specific products
  • Provide information on the carbon footprint of a specific product
  • Offset the amount of carbon used which involves reducing carbon or greenhouse gas emissions in order to compensate for or offset emissions made elsewhere
  • Pay a carbon tax

Coverage Included

Our regulatory content in C2P is historically comprehensive with a robust QA process to ensure quality, consistency and accuracy. Below is a high level summary of our coverage for this topic: 
  • ISO: Carbon Footprint of Products – Requirements and Guidelines for Quantification and Communication, Standard 14067:2018
  • WRI/WBCSD: GHG Protocol, Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, Revised Edition, March 2004
  • UK: Assessment of Life Cycle GHG Emissions of Goods and Services, Publicly Available Specification PAS 2050:2011 (BSI Carbon Footprinting Standard)
  • EU: Use of Common Methods to Measure and Communicate the Life Cycle Environmental Performance of Products and Organisations, Recommendation 2013/179/EU
  • China: Energy Efficient and Low Carbon Product Certification, Order No.168, 2015
  • Taiwan: Operational Protocols for Carbon Footprint Product Labelling, Announcement No. 0990040482, 2010
  • Philippines: Labelling Carbon Footprints of Consumer Products, House Bill No. 1462, July 2016
  • Japan: Assessment and Labeling of Carbon Footprint of Products, Technical Specification TS Q0010, April 2009
  • Argentina: Measures for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Promotion of Carbon Footprint Labelling, Bill No. S-410/18
  • Mexico: Approval of Standard NMX-SAA-14067-IMNC-2018 on Quantification and Communication of Carbon Footprint of Products, Declaration, February 2019
  • Nordic Region: Carbon Neutrality, Declaration, January 2019

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