A carbon footprint is defined as the potential impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted directly and indirectly by an individual, company, event or product.
A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases generated by people, organizations, events, products and services, and is an increasingly important topic for companies globally.
Carbon footprints take two forms:
- Corporate Carbon Footprint (CCF) evaluates the entire product process of a company, together with upstream and downstream processes
- Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) covers the entire lifecycle of a specific product or service, including supply chain, use and disposal
Carbon footprint legislation typically requires manufacturers to:
- Affix a carbon footprint label on their products to denote the CO2 emissions created as a by-product of manufacturing, transposing or disposing of their products
- Certify that materials incorporated into a product or specific products are low carbon
- Report on the amount of greenhouse gases produced in the manufacturing of specific products
- Provide information on the carbon footprint of a specific product
- Offset the amount of carbon used which involves reducing carbon or greenhouse gas emissions in order to compensate for or offset emissions made elsewhere
- Pay a carbon tax
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