Transboundary-Movement-of-Hazardous-Waste
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste

Laws, conventions and regulations on the transboundary movement of hazardous waste aim to protect human health and the environment by restricting the import, export and transit of hazardous waste.

Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste

195

Countries Covered

880

Sources in C2P

Topic Overview

Requirements on the transboundary movement of hazardous waste mainly stem from the UN Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal of 1989. This defines and classifies hazardous waste, introduces a global regulatory control regime for the shipment of hazardous waste and other wastes, and establishes worldwide notification requirements for the movement of hazardous waste.

These requirements aim to: 

  • Minimize hazardous waste generation 
  • Control and reduce international movement of hazardous waste
  • Ensure that waste disposal and recovery is conducted in an environmentally sound manner as close as possible to the source
  • Prevent and punish illegal traffic or trade of hazardous waste

Hazardous waste is essentially waste that contains dangerous properties that make it harmful to human health or the environment (for example waste that is explosive, flammable, toxic, etc.).

The primary legal requirements include:

  • A prior notification procedure for the proposed shipment 
  • General information requirements 
  • Waste movement documentation 
  • Prior consent approval in the country of import or transit 
  • Marking and labeling of the waste
  • Packaging of waste 
  • Import/export waste permits and licensing
  • Proper waste disposal or recovery
  • Warranties/guaranties

Coverage Included

Our regulatory content in C2P is historically comprehensive with a robust QA process to ensure quality, consistency and accuracy. Below is a high level summary of our coverage for this topic:
  • Africa: Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, 1991
  • Argentina: Adoption of Basel Convention on Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, Law 23.922, 1991
  • Australia: Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations, SR 1996 No. 2
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation: Financial Guarantees for Transboundary Movement of Waste, Regulation, June 2005
  • Brazil: Approving Basel Convention on Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, Decree 875, 1993
  • China: Imported Solid Waste Catalogue, Notice No. 80, 2014
  • Costa Rica: Regulation on Integrated Waste Management, Decree No. 37567-S-MINAET-H, 2012
  • European Union (EU): Waste Shipments Regulation, (EC) 1013/2006
  • Hong Kong (China): Waste Disposal Ordinance No. 8, Chapter 354, 1980
  • Japan: Import and Export of Hazardous Waste and Other Wastes, Law No. 108, 1992
  • OECD: Control of Transboundary Movements of Waste Destined for Recovery Operations, Council Decision C(2001)107/Final
  • Pacific Islands: Ban on Importation of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes, Waigani Convention, 1995
  • Russian Federation: Transboundary Movement of Waste, Government Resolution No. 442/2003
  • Saudi Arabia: Management of Hazardous Wastes Regulation, 1423/2001
  • Switzerland: Transportation of Waste, Ordinance, June 2005
  • Turkey: Control of Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Waste, Draft Regulation, November 2016
  • UN: Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, 1989
  • UN: Basel Convention Instruction Manual on the Prosecution of Illegal Traffic of Hazardous Wastes or Other Wastes, Guidance Document, October 2011
  • United States (US): Export and Import of Hazardous Waste, Final Rule, 2009
  • Venezuela: Approving Basel Convention on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes, Act, 1998

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