Transport of Dangerous Goods
The transport of dangerous goods topic covers regulations, laws and supporting documents which aim to prevent accidents resulting in injury to persons, damage to property and the environment.
Legislation for the transport of dangerous goods is directed towards businesses involved in the consignment, loading/ unloading and carriage of dangerous goods by air, rail, road and water.
Goods are considered hazardous if they are explosive, corrosive, flammable, toxic or radioactive. Examples include:
- Lithium batteries
- Flammable liquids
- Gases and solids
- Substances liable to spontaneously combust
- Substances that emit flammable gases when in contact with water
- Oxidizing substances
- Toxic substances
- Corrosive substances
In the United States, such articles and substances are classified as HazMats or hazardous materials.
Legal duties normally apply to the consignor, carrier, driver, crew, packagers, fillers, loaders/unloaders, container operators, consignee and dangerous goods safety advisers (DGSA).
Regulations concerning the transport of dangerous goods in C2P focus on:
- Classification of dangerous goods
- Labeling of dangerous goods according to the UN number system
- Packaging and tank provisions
- Consignment procedures, labeling and marking of containers and vehicles
- Construction and testing of packaging, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), large packages and tanks
- Conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handling
- Vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation
- Construction and approval of vehicles
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