Globally-Harmonized-System-(GHS)
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Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

The United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is a system for standardizing and harmonizing the classification and labeling of chemicals.

Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

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Countries Covered

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Sources in C2P

Topic Overview

The United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals was set up to replace the assortment of hazardous material classification and labeling schemes and provides a basis for globally uniform physical, environmental, health and safety information on hazardous chemicals.

The GHS covers all hazardous chemicals. There are no complete exemptions from the scope of the GHS for a particular type of chemical or product. The term “chemical” is used broadly to include substances, products, mixtures, preparations, or any other terms that may be used by existing systems. 

The basic goal of hazard communication is to ensure that employers, employees and the public are provided with adequate, practical, reliable and comprehensible information on the hazards of chemicals, so that they can take effective preventive and protective measure for their health and safety. The GHS identifies the intrinsic hazards found in chemical substances and mixtures and conveys hazard information about these hazards. Hazard statements, symbols and signal words have been standardized and harmonized and form an integrated hazard communication system. 

The GHS is a logical and comprehensive approach to:

  • Defining health, physical and environmental hazards of chemicals
  • Creating classification processes that use available data on chemicals for comparison with the defined hazard criteria
  • Communicating hazard information, as well as protective measures, on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Coverage Included

Our regulatory content in C2P is historically comprehensive with a robust QA process to ensure quality, consistency and accuracy. Below is a high level summary of our coverage for this topic:
  • UN  Purple Book – Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Rev. 7, 2017
  • EU Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures, Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 
  • Australian  Model Work Health and Safety Regulations, 2011
  • Argentina Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Resolution 801/2015
  • Brazil  Standard ABNT NBR 14725 series 1-4
  • USA  Implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), Hazard Communication Standard, Final Rule, 77 FR 17574, March 2012
  • China  Dangerous Chemicals Regulations, Order No. 591, 2011 
  • Korea  Standards on Classification and Labelling of Chemical Substances, Notice No. 96-12
  • Japan Classification of Chemicals based on Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), Standard JIS Z 7252:2014
  • Japan  Hazard Communication of Chemicals Based on GHS – Labelling and Safety Data Sheets (SDS), Standard JIS Z 7253:2012 
  • Mexico Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Standard No. NMX-R-019-SCFI-2011
  • New Zealand  Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act, 1996
  • Norway  Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) of Substances and Mixtures, Regulation No. 622, 2012
  • Turkey  Classification, Labeling and Packaging (CLP) of Substances and Mixtures, Draft Regulation, September 2018
  • Taiwan  Labeling and Hazard Communication of Hazardous Chemicals
  • , Regulation, 2007
  • Philippines  Implementing Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Administrative Order No. 9, 2015
  • Russia  Approving Technical Regulations on Safety of Chemical Products, Decree No. 1019, 2016

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