Food-Contact-Materials-and-Articles
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Food Contact Materials and Articles

Food contact materials (FCM) are all materials and articles intended to come into contact with food, such as packaging and containers, kitchen equipment, cutlery and dishes, which can be made from a variety of materials including plastics, rubber, paper and metal.

Food Contact Materials and Articles

134

Countries Covered

1,150

Sources in C2P

Topic Overview

Food contact materials (FCM) are either intended to be brought into contact with food, are already in contact with food, or can reasonably be brought into contact with food or transfer their constituents to the food. The term also refers to materials used in food processing equipment. FCM are not chemically inert and may release harmful substances into food.

Legislation, such as in the EU, is commonly arranged as follows:

  1. Framework Regulation: A framework measure sets up general requirements for all FCM.
  2. Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP): The manufacture of materials and articles must comply with good manufacturing practice (GMP) so that, under normal or foreseeable conditions of use, they do not transfer their constituents to food in quantities which could: (a) endanger human health, (b) bring about an unacceptable change in the composition of the food, or (c) bring about a deterioration in the organoleptic properties of the food.
  3. Material/Specific Regulations: Measures regulated groups of materials and articles e.g. ceramics, plastics, recycled plastic materials, regenerated cellulose film, active and intelligent materials; and measures regulated individual substances or groups of substances used in the production of FCM. These regulations normally provide a positive list, sets out limits or restrictions on use of certain substances in FCM, as well as testing methods.

Certain regulations also specify labeling and traceability requirements for FCMs.

Coverage Included

Our regulatory content in C2P is historically comprehensive with a robust QA process to ensure quality, consistency and accuracy. Below is a high level summary of our coverage for this topic:

Framework Regulation

  • EU: Materials and Articles Intended to Come into Contact with Food, Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 (and member state implementations)
  • China: General Safety Requirements for Food Contact Materials and Articles, Standard GB 4806.1-2016
  • USA: Food and Drugs, Indirect Food Additives, General, 21 CFR 174, Regulation, 1977
  • Ukraine: Requirements for Food Contact Materials and Articles, Draft Law, May 2020
  • Turkey: Materials and Articles in Contact with Food, Food Codex Regulation, April 2018
  • Algeria: Specifications for Ceramic Objects and Materials Intended for Contact with Food, Joint Ministerial Decision, January 2019

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) Regulation

  • EU: Good Manufacturing Practice for Food Contact Materials, Regulation (EC) No 2023/2006
  • China: General Hygiene Principles for the Production of Food Contact Materials and Products, Standard GB 31603-2015

Material/Specific Regulations

  • Brazil: Approving Technical Regulation on the Positive List of Additives for Preparation of Plastic Materials and Polymeric Coatings in Contact with Food, Resolution RDC 326/2019
  • China: Approval of 17 New Food Contact Substances and Food Contact Additives, Announcement No. 6, 2019
  • EU: Plastic Materials Intended to Come into Contact with Food, Regulation (EU) No 10/2011  (and member state implementations)
  • EU: Restriction of Certain Epoxy Derivatives in Food Contact Materials, Regulation (EC) No 1895/2005
  • Egypt: Packages, Containers and Wrapping used for Food Products, Decision No. 73/2001
  • China: National Food Safety Standard on Ceramic Food Contact Articles, Standard GB 4806.4-2016
  • Vietnam: Safety and Hygiene for Plastic Food Contact Materials, Technical Regulation, QCVN 12-1:2011/BYT, 2011
  • USA: Indirect Food Additives: Adhesives and Components of Coatings, Rules, 21 CFR 175, 1977 
  • USA: Indirect Food Additives, Paper and Paperboard Components, Final Rule, 81 FR 5, 2016
  • Brazil: Approving the Technical Regulation on Regenerated Cellulose Films in Contact with Food, Resolution No. 217/2002

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