Food Contact Materials and Articles
Understanding FCM Regulations
Food contact materials (FCM) refers to materials that are either intended to be brought into contact with food, are already in contact with food, or can reasonably be brought into contact with food or transfer their constituents to the food. The term also refers to materials used in food processing equipment. FCM is not chemically inert and may release harmful substances into food.
Legislation, such as in the EU, is commonly arranged as follows:
- Framework Regulation: A framework measure sets up general requirements for all FCMs.
- Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP): The manufacture of materials and articles must comply with good manufacturing practice (GMP) so that, under normal or foreseeable conditions of use, they do not transfer their constituents to food in quantities that could: (a) endanger human health, (b) bring about an unacceptable change in the composition of the food, or (c) bring about a deterioration in the organoleptic properties of the food.
- Material/Specific Regulations: Measures regulated groups of materials and articles e.g. ceramics, plastics, recycled plastic materials, regenerated cellulose film, active and intelligent materials; and measures regulated individual substances or groups of substances used in the production of FCM. These regulations normally provide a positive list and sets out limits or restrictions on the use of certain substances in FCM, as well as testing methods.
Certain regulations also specify labeling and traceability requirements for FCMs.
Why Do You Need to Comply
- Meet Safety Requirements
- Access To Local and International Markets
- The Risks of FCM Non-Compliance
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Regulations
- EU Food Contact Requirements
Our Regulatory Coverage of FCM Regulations
Our regulatory content in C2P is historically comprehensive with a robust QA process to ensure quality, consistency and accuracy. Below is a high level summary of our coverage for this topic:
- EU: Materials and Articles Intended to Come into Contact with Food, Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 (and member state implementations)
- China: General Safety Requirements for Food Contact Materials and Articles, Standard GB 4806.1-2016
- USA: Food and Drugs, Indirect Food Additives, General, 21 CFR 174, Regulation, 1977
- Ukraine: Requirements for Food Contact Materials and Articles, Law No. 2718-IX, 2022
- Turkey: Materials and Articles in Contact with Food, Food Codex Regulation, April 2018
- Indonesia: Food Contact Materials and Packaging, Regulation No. 20/2019
- Thailand: Industrial Product Standard for Plastic Food Containers and Utensils, Notice No. 5385, 2019
- Saudi Arabia: Tools, Surfaces and Devices used for Food-Contact in Cooking, Technical Regulation, June 2019
- Denmark: Food Contact Materials and Penalties for Breaches Related to EU Legislation, Order No. 681, 2020
Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) Regulation
- EU: Good Manufacturing Practice for Food Contact Materials, Regulation (EC) No 2023/2006
- China: General Hygiene Principles for the Production of Food Contact Materials and Products, Standard GB 31603-2015
Food Contact Material/Specific Regulations
- EU: Plastic Materials Intended to Come into Contact with Food, Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 (and member state implementations)
- EU: Restriction of Certain Epoxy Derivatives in Food Contact Materials, Regulation (EC) No 1895/2005
- EU: Regenerated Cellulose Film Food Contact Materials, Directive 2007/42/EC
- EU: Ceramic Articles Intended to Come into Contact with Foodstuffs, Directive 84/500/EEC
- EU: Active and Intelligent Food Contact Materials, Regulation (EC) No 450/2009
- Egypt: Packages, Containers and Wrapping used for Food Products, Decision No. 73/2001
- China: National Food Safety Standard on Ceramic Food Contact Articles, Standard GB 4806.4-2016
- China: Approval of 4 New Food Additives and 6 Food Contact Materials, Draft Notice, March 2019
- Vietnam: Safety and Hygiene for Plastic Food Contact Materials, Technical Regulation, QCVN 12-1:2011/BYT, 2011
- USA: Indirect Food Additives: Adhesives and Components of Coatings, Rules, 21 CFR 175, 1977
- USA: Indirect Food Additives, Paper and Paperboard Components, Final Rule, 81 FR 5, 2016
- Brazil: Approving the Technical Regulation on Regenerated Cellulose Films in Contact with Food, Resolution No. 217/2002
- Argentina: Mercosur Technical Regulation on Cellulose Materials, Packaging and Equipment in Contact with Food, Joint Resolution 1/2019
Why Compliance & Risks?
- Effectively Manage Risks in Your Supply Chain
- Easily Connect With Your Industry Requirements
- Global Product Compliance
Learn more about our Regulatory Coverage
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